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Here is a plain English description of the rules that collection agencies must follow when they contact you to collect money that you may owe or


How to Stop Ontario Bill Collectors Harassing Phone Calls

Are You Being Treated Unfairly

by an Ontario Collection Agency?

What Collection Agencies Can and Cannot Do

While rules vary across Canada, generally collection agencies are forbidden from doing the following:

Try to collect a debt without first notifying you in writing or making a reasonable attempt to do so. ( there is no definition of what a reasonable attempt is)

Recommending or starting legal or court action to collect a debt without first notifying you. (In most cases the creditor not the collection agency will make that decision. In other cases, the cost of a court action is too much for the amount involved.)

Harassing you or your family or calling to collect a debt at certain prohibited times (which vary from one province or territory to another).

Giving false or misleading information to anyone.

Communicating or attempting to communicate with you without properly identifying themselves. Collection agencies must inform you who the creditor is who is owed the money and stating the amount you allegedly owe that creditor.

A collection agency cannot demand payment from a person who claims not to owe the money, The agency must ensure that the person does in fact, owe the money before they start collection attempts.

Debt collector may only contact your friends, employer, relatives or neighbours to get your telephone number or address. They cannot request other information although they probably will.

They can contact your employer, to confirm your employment, your job title and your work address.

Where to complain about collection agencies

If you have a complaint about a collection agency contact your provincial or territorial consumer affairs office .

Ontario Collection Agency: Your Rights

Here is a plain English description of the rules that collection agencies must follow when they contact you to collect money that you may owe or when you can’t pay a debt.


If the collection agency or what appears to be their legal staff make written or verbal threats of legal action, have a lawyer send you a `draft` statement of claim or use other shady tactics report them to the

Law Society of Ontario

However you should never trust a law society to actually help you.

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Review the Ontario bill collectors laws

File a Formal Complaint Against a

Collection Agency in Ontario on-line form

File a complaint

First: If a collection agency is harassing you and is not abiding by the rules, you should send the agency a letter and describe  what you believe they did wrong and that you expect them to follow the law.

The Ontario department of Consumer and Business Services will ask you to first file a written complaint with the collection agency If you wish to file a formal complaint with them.

If this does not resolve the problem, file a complaint

If you file a complaint, be sure to include documents and evidence to support it. For example, you can include:

  •  all letters, emails and faxes that you sent or received from the collection agency
  • a record of the date, time and details of the phone calls or messages you received
  • a photograph of your telephone display showing the collector’s phone number and the time they called
  • digital recordings of phone messages or conversations
  • letters from your employer, co-workers, family or friends confirming that the collector contacted them

Collection and Debt Settlement Services Act

Always keep copies of all documents, correspondence, emails so you can prove your complaint.

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