DNA paternity testing is currently the most advanced and accurate technology to determine parentage.
In a DNA parentage test, the probability of parentage is 0% when the alleged parent is not biologically related to the child.
The probability of paternity is typically greater than 99.9% when the alleged parent is biologically related to the child.
A paternity or DNA genetic test establishes genetic proof whether a man is the biological father of an individual.
While DNA genetic testing is the most reliable standard, older methods also exist including ABO blood group typing, analysis of various other proteins and enzymes, or using human leukocyte antigen antigens. The older methods are not anywhere as reliable.
The current techniques for paternal testing are polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and restriction fragment length polymorphisms.
The Cost: Budget About $500.00
Comprehensive results stating inclusion of 99.9% (or more) or exclusion of 100% are provided for all prenatal paternity tests.
Home Paternity Test Kits
Home Paternity Test kits are just sample collection kits which you use to take a sample cheek swab and mail back to a testing facility.
There are many home paternity test kits on the market. Shop carefully.
Because women lie when it comes to naming the father of their child, you should always get a paternity test.
If you have legal access to the child you can take a swab easily and do not need permission of the mother.
Men can also apply for a court order to do paternity testing. If the woman refused, the courts are entitled and should be required, to draw the obvious inference. The court does not compel a woman to submit to paternity/ blood tests; rather the court only draws an adverse inference on a woman's failure to do so.
DNA paternity testing is something every man should consider when divorcing.
DNA testing should be done by law on every child born. No option.
Types Of Paternity Tests Available
At-Home Paternity Test:
This is a sample collection package consisting of some Q tip type swabs and sample collection envelopes. You collect some saliva and mail it back to the lab for testing.
Prenatal Paternity Test - Claims 99.9% Accuracy
Requires the mother to provide a blood sample and she must be past her tenth week of pregnancy. It is a non-invasive, prenatal test
Legal Paternity Testing:
Test provides results which court admissible for legal purposes. Test must be done by an accredited DNA testing facility. The samples must be collected and submitted following rigid chain of custody rules. This is not a do it yourself process. Get help from your lawyer or a qualified lab.
Immigration DNA Testing:
When the test is required to prove kinship in families wanting to come to Canada
Infidelity Testing: Test samples of human biological stains on clothing or say, bed sheets, to see if there is evidence of cheating.
Paternity Test With Discreet Samples:
Used to test tissues, toothbrushes, licked envelopes or hair, semen or nails. Pretty much like in those silly TV shows where they solve crimes using invisible samples found in impossible places.
CanLaw's Guide To The Law For The Layperson On Divorce, Separation Agreements, Custody, Access, Child Support, Spousal Support And Equalization Issues