CanLaw Guide to Family Law
Separation - Divorce - Custody Access - Support - Child Support Paternity - Property Division
Frequently Asked Questions
Answers to your Divorce Questions
Quick and Easy
CONSIDER THIS: Most Divorces In Canada Are Based On One Year Separation. It Is By Far The Best Approach. It Is Simplest, Fastest And Cheapest.
Answers to your Divorce Questions
Quick and Easy
What Are The Grounds For Divorce?
Divorce in Canada is governed by both the Click here Divorce Act and Provincial Family Law Acts
You can and should review the laws for your province before proceeding. There is a huge amount of help available at no charge here
Under the Canadian Divorce Act, marriage breakdown is the only ground for divorce. (Subsection 8.2] of the Divorce Act
Proof of your marriage breakdown can be established in only these three ways:
Separation For One Year:
if you and your spouse have lived separately for at least one year with the idea that your marriage is over before the divorce judgment
(although you may begin the paperwork anytime after your separation begins).
Living "separate and apart" does not necessarily mean living in separate homes - you can be separated, but living in the same home for various reasons (children, money, etc.).
if your spouse has committed adultery.
if your spouse has treated you with such physical or mental cruelty as to make it intolerable for the two of you to live together. Cruelty may include physical violence and/or causing severe mental anguish.
Separation is almost always the fastest, simplest and cheapest way to get your divorce.
What If I Try To Reconcile And Live With My Spouse Again After We Separated?
You can get back together again for one period of no more than 90 days, or for several periods that add up to no more than 90 days. The 90-day reconciliation period allows you to try to repair your marriage without penalizing you if the attempts are unsuccessful.
If you live together for more than 90 days and separate again, the second separation date will be your new date of separation. Back To Top
Who Can Apply For A Divorce In Canada?
Either of you can petition for divorce, or you can make a joint petition, if . . .
You were legally married in Canada or in any other country.
You do not have to be a Canadian citizen to apply for a divorce in Canada.
You intend to separate permanently from your spouse and believe there is no chance you will get back together, or you have already left your spouse and do not intend to get back together.
Either or both of you have lived in a Canadian province or territory for at least one year immediately before applying for a divorce. Back to Top
Can There Be A Divorce If Only One Spouse Is Ready To Divorce?
Yes. If one spouse wants a divorce, the marriage has broken down. Back to Top
What If I Was Married In Another Country Or Province?
It does not matter if you were married in another province or country. You can apply for divorce in your province if you have been living there for at least one year.
Must Both Spouses Reside In The Same Province?
No. Only one spouse must reside in the Province for at least twelve months before the divorce is granted (although you may begin the paperwork anytime after your separation begins). Back to Top
What Is The Difference Between Separation And Divorce?
Separation occurs when one or both spouses decide to live apart with the intention of ending their marriage. Once you are separated, you will need to work out concerns for any children you have, such as custody and child support. Property division and spousal support matters will need resolution.
You can resolve these issues in different ways:
A Separation Agreement is a legal document signed by both spouses which details the arrangements you have agreed on. Both parties must obtain independent legal advice to make the document legally binding.
You can also make an application to the court to set up custody, support and property arrangements under the laws in the province or territory.
You can come to an informal agreement with your spouse. However, if your (ex) wife decides not to honour the agreement, you will have no legal protection.
CanLaw recommends our $55 Separation Agreement. You can use it to draft out an agreement or to finalize one or both. Either way, it can make things simpler for you. It is also much cheaper than paying lawyers to hammer out an agreement for you.
Why Should I Bother To Get A Divorce When We Are Already Separated?
Living separate and apart does not end your marriage. You must get a divorce to legally end your marriage. You must have a divorce certificate before you can marry again. Back to Top
How Do I File For Divorce In Canada?
It is always advisable to at least talk to a lawyer first, when filing for divorce. A divorce lawyer can tell you exactly how the law applies to your situation and how to protect your rights. You can then decide what to do. Back to Top
Click here Use CanLaw's Family Lawyer Referral Services to speak to a lawyer knowledgeable about family law.
Do I Need A Lawyer For An Uncontested Divorce?
You can commence your divorce proceedings by:
- Lawyer representation
- Paralegal or agent representation
- Do it Yourself self-representation.
Even if your divorce is uncontested, it is wise to consult with a lawyer to ensure your rights are fully protected.
You really should get legal advice on financial matters, child support, custody and access which are the major problems that will arise in divorce.
Considering Representing Yourself?
What Is Involved If I Decide To Represent Myself In A Divorce Proceeding?
The following procedures must be completed for your Petition for Divorce using separation as the grounds:
- Obtain your original marriage certificate.
- Obtain set of complete divorce forms for your province.
- Fill out the required forms.
- Attending court office to start your divorce process by filing documents.
- Serve Petition for Divorce to your spouse.
- Attend court office to file proof of service of divorce papers on spouse.
- Obtain divorce certificate. Back to Top
What If We Were Never Legally Married?
If you are not legally married, divorce does not apply to you.
However, you can still negotiate a separation agreement or make an application to the court under the laws in your province or territory to set up custody, child support and other arrangements.
Common-law spouses have fewer rights upon separation than married couples. Back to Top
CanLaw's Guide To The Law For The Layperson On Divorce, Separation Agreements, Custody, Access, Child Support, Spousal Support And Equalization Issues